December 3, 2023 (FBC) – Executive Secretary of IGAD, Workneh Gebeyehu (PhD), has launched the IGAD Climate Adaptation Strategy at a high-level event on the margins of COP28.
Dec 02, 2023
Addis Ababa, December 2, 2023 (FBC) – Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Workneh Gebeyehu (PhD) visited the Ethiopian Green Legacy Initiative’s Pavilion at Expo City Dubai where the UN Climate Change Conference (COP28) taking place.
The Executive Secretary appreciated the climate actions being showcased in the Ethiopian Pavilion at the COP28 venue.
Under the leadership of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed (PhD), Ethiopia is making strong strides to climate sustainability, the IGAD Chief noted.
The IGAD Executive Secretary further underscored that Ethiopia’s commitment to a greener future is palpable.
Nov 161, 2023
Addis Ababa, November 16, 2023 (FBC) – Speaker of the House of Federation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Agegnehu Teshager held discussion with a Chinese delegation led by Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of National People’s Congress, Losang Gyaltsen.
In his remarks at the meeting, the Upper House Speaker, Agegnehu Teshager, stated that China and Ethiopia have been enjoying a long and fruitful bilateral cooperation since they established their diplomatic relationship in 1970.
IGAD Holds A Workshop In Addis Ababa To Validate 2nd Migration Action Plan
Nov 15, 2023
Addis Ababa, November 15, 2023 (FBC) – Representatives of IGAD members states are participating in a workshop in Addis Ababa aimed at validating the 2nd Migration Action Plan.
The IGAD Migration Action Plan to be implemented from 2024 – 2028 follows the situational analysis and evaluation of the 1st one that was in place from 2015 to 2020.
The 2nd Migration Action Plan is said to serve as a vital implementation tool for the IGAD migration policy framework.
“Today, we stand at a critical juncture, where we expect our member states to provide their final input and validation. Your valuable insights, observations & recommendations will shape the final version of this Migration Action Plan,” said Fathia Alwan, Director of Health and Social Development at IGAD, during the validation event.
Oct 16, 2023
Addis Ababa, October 16, 2023 (FBC) – Technical experts from IGAD Member States on Refugee Management holding a meeting in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, to review and validate the IGAD Policy Framework on Refugee Protection.
It is stated that the IGAD Policy Framework on Refugee Protection is believed to address multiple and interlinked concerns resulted from the complex displacement situation in the IGAD region, it is learned.
As a regional body, IGAD eyes at sustainable development, resilience and stability through binding legal instruments. Therefore, it is high time to have a regional policy framework to address fresh and renewed armed conflicts, climate catastrophes and events seriously disturbing public order that trigger new and secondary displacements.
IGAD: its history and development
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa was created in 1996 to supersede the Intergovernmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD) which was founded in 1986 to mitigate the effects of the recurring severe droughts and other natural disasters that resulted in widespread famine, ecological degradation and economic hardship in the region. Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda - took action through the United Nations to establish the intergovernmental body for development and drought control in their region. Eritrea became the seventh member after attaining independence in 1993 and in 2011 South Sudan joined IGAD as the eighth member state.
With the new emerging political and socio-economic challenges, the assembly of Heads of State and Government, meeting in Addis Ababa in April 1995, resolved to revitalize IGADD and expand areas of cooperation among Member States. The new and revitalized IGAD was launched during the 5th Summit of IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government held on 25-26 November 1996 in Djibouti. The Summit endorsed the decision to enhance regional cooperation in three priority areas of food security and environmental protection, economic cooperation, regional integration and social development peace and security.
IGAD Vision and Mission Statements
The founding leaders of IGAD were motivated by a vision where the people of the region would develop a regional identity, live in peace and enjoy a safe environment alleviating poverty through appropriate and effective sustainable development programmes. The IGAD Secretariat as the executive body of the Authority was given the mandate to achieve this goal.
Vision: IGAD to be the premier Regional Economic Community (REC) for achieving peace and sustainable development in the region.
Mission: Promote regional cooperation and integration to add value to Member States’ efforts in achieving peace, security and prosperity.
THE IGAD REGION
The Geography of the Region
The IGAD region stretches over an area of 5.2 million km2 that comprises the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. The region has about 6960 Km of coastline with the Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden, Gulf of Toudjoura and the Red Sea. Also, the IGAD region has a total of 6910 Km of international borders with Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Tanzania. Map 1 above shows the region. Some 70 percent of the IGAD region is made up of Arid and Semi Arid Lands (ASALs), which receive less than 600 mm of rainfall annually. The rest of the region has a great variety of climates and landscapes including cool highlands, swamp areas, tropical rain forests and other features typical of an equatorial region. Furthermore, the region possesses diverse ecosystems and agro-ecological zones at different altitudes ranging from 150 meters below sea level (Dalul) to about 4600 meters above the sea level (Mount Kenya). Socio-economically, most of the IGAD Member States belong to the worlde’s Least Developed Countries (LDCs) and share similar economic growth rates and social ethnic groups across their borders, which could be a good opportunity for regional integration, if appropriately utilised.