top of page

Republic of the Sudan

     The Sudan or Sudan (US/suˈdæn/ ( listen), UK/suˈdɑːn, -ˈdæn/Arabic: السودان‎ as-Sūdān) also known as North Sudansince South Sudan's independence and officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red SeaEritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. It houses 37 million people (2017and occupies a total area of 1.861.484 square kilometres (718.722 square miles), making it the third largest country in Africa. Sudan's predominant religion is Islam,[14] and its official languages are Arabic and English. The capital is Khartoum, located at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile.


Currency: Sudanese pound

Capital and largest cityKhartoum; 15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E

Population: 38.65 million (2016), 39.58 million (2016) World Bank


 His Excellency Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok

Sudan History

  Republic of the Sudan  Useful links



     There are, in the Sudan, several archaeological sites, resorts, prairies and vast natural forests. The Sudan is known for its kingdoms and civilization which governed the country in the pre-Christian epoch. They left back several archaeological objects and remains; such as, pyramids and the venerable relics of ancient towns, palaces and temples.

     Thus, in the various parts of the country, there are touristic places, which have marvellous nature in the South, North, West and East. In addition, there are the Red Sea Coasts and Totail Mountains, in the East.

     One of the important archaeological Sites, in the Sudan, is Karma area. This represents a civilization which dates back to the period 2500-1500 B.C. There is also Meroe and Bajrawiya areas which represent a civilization which dates back to a period between the sixth century B.C.; to the 4th century A.D. In addition to these, these are sites at Al-Kuru, Jabel Al-Barkal Al-Muswarat Al-Sufraa, Wad Bannaga temples, Say Island, Tabu, Sadanga, Salab and Old Dongola. All these sites represent the Kingdoms of the various civilizations of the Northern Sudan, which were established since 2500 B.C. They left their palaces pyramids and temples.

In the centre of the country, we find the (Soba East) civilization, the Sennar Kingdom civilization, the great Suwakin town in the Eastern Sudan and in the Western Sudan, we find Tura town and El-Fasher town. In the two later area, Islamic Civilizations thrived and left their relics up to this day. Likewise, at Omdurman, there are the remains of the Mahdist Revolution.

Some of these archaeological sites were entered into the World Heritage Record: such as, Jabel Al-Barkal, Kuru and Nuri Civilizations, Abu Doam Statute, 'Modern' Marawe and Al-Zooma.

     The are several museums, in Khartoum; Beit Al-Khalifa, at Omdurman; the Military Museum, in Khartoum; Sheikhan Museum at El-Obeid Town; Sultan Ali Dinar Museum at El-Fasher and Abu Halima; the Natural History Museum, the Natural National Parks at Dindir and Radoam and on the Coasts of the Red Sea, there are Sangaib, Erkuweit and some other museums.

For more information, find ways ofaccess to the Ministry of Tourism and National Heritage:

Ethiopian Daily News 2.jpg
agriculture ethiopia 1.jpg
Addis Ababa City 23.jpg
africa 231.jpg
Dip hist 0023.jpg
Tourism et 1.jpg
Global music 1.jpg
INVEST 120D.jpg
Art n Galleries 2.jpg
economy ethiopia 1.jpg
History 325.jpg
D banner 01.png

Home     Daily News        History     Regional States       Government     Constitution      Investment        Tourism        Agriculture       Economy       Health       Education          International Communities         Africa          IGAD       Djibouti      Eritrea     Kenya     Somalia      South Sudan      Sudan      Uganda      Addis Ababa City          Entertainment          Arts and Galleries            Ethio Music             Global Music           Magazine         Ethiopian Art         Diaspora        Contact Us  

  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • YouTube
bottom of page