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Federal Republic of Somalia

    Somalia (/səˈmɑːliə, soʊ-/ sə-MAH-lee-ə, soh-; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال‎, translit. aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia[ (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya; Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية‎, translit. Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah), is a sovereign state with its territory located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Guardafui Channel and Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. It is separated from Soqotra by the Guardafui Channel in the northeast. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall

CapitalMogadishu

Population: 14.32 million (2016) World Bank

Capital and largest cityMogadishu; 2°2′N 45°21′E / 2.033°N 45.350°E

 His Excellency President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

Our History

    The former British Somaliland Protectorate achieved full independence from the United Kingdom on 26 June, 1960.

On 1 July, 1960, the state of Somaliland united with Somalia, a territory under a U.N.- mandated Italian Trusteeship until that same day, thereby creating the Somali Republic. The Republic of Somaliland restored its independence after the total collapse of Somalia on 18 May 1991 as a result of the civil war of the late eighties and early nineties. The decision was made by the Congress of Council of Clan Elders held in Burao from 27 April to 15 May, 1991. Constitutionally, the Republic of Somaliland is a democratic country with a multi-party system.

The Republic of Somaliland

     The Republic of Somaliland is a sovereign state in the Horn of Africa sharing its borders with Republic of Djibouti, Federal Republic of Ethiopia and Somalia to the east. The country is known of its mountain ranges rising up to seven thousand feet and the Laas Geel Cave Paintings which are the earliest human artifacts, dating from before 3000 BC.

     Somaliland is located north of the Equator, thus the sun passes vertically overhead twice a year and it has a coastal line to the north extending 460 miles along the Red Sea. The former British Somaliland Protectorate achieved its full independence from the United Kingdom in 1960, it has a population of about 3.5 million people and it is about the size of England and Wales. The main language spoken is Somali, English and Arabic are also prominent.

 Federal Republic of Somalia Useful links

Ministry for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Somalia

SOMALILAND OFFICIAL GOV

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